Principle of Management 60 Mcqs with solutions - Study For Buddies

Monday, November 22, 2021

Principle of Management 60 Mcqs with solutions


MCQs - 60

1. Management an art means

a) Personal ability & skills
b) To do work speedily
c) Specific type of art
d) Taking top-level decisions

2. Since there are principle in management, it is

a) A natural science 
b) Profession
c) A social science
d) Art & Science

3. Management is a profession because

a) Earning is made by it
b) Specialized knowledge is required
c) They are at top level management
d) They are advisor

4. Who was the first management thirvker to provide the basic foundation of modern management theory?

a) G.R. Terry 
b) F.W. Taylor
c) Luther Gullick
d) Henry Fayol

5. The term ________ refers to one of Fayol's fourteen principles of management, which states that materials and people should be in the right place at the right time.

a) Discipline
b) Initiative
c) Order 
d) Equity

6. According to Mintzberg ________ are interpersonal roles

a) Figurehead, recipient, liaison
b) Figurehead, leader liaison
c) Leader, liaison, spokesperson
d) Figurehead, liaison, entrepreneur

7. Which of the following principles of management identified by Henri Fayol states that promoting team spirit will give the organization sense of unity? 

a) Equity
b) Discipline
c) Espirit de Corps 
d) Initiative 

8. Which of the following is not a Control Technique? 

a) Internal Audit
c) MBO
d) CPM

9. Piece Rate System for wage payment was advocated under ________.

a) Scientific management
b) Administrative Management 
c) Both (a) & (b) 
d) Management by Objective

10. Which of the following is not a single-use plan?

a) Budget
b) Rule 
c) Quota 
d) Target

11. Who has given the different Managerial Roles? 

a) Henry Mintzberg 
b) Robert Katz 
c) Herzberg
d) Henry Fayol

12. When was the distinction between Administration and Management brought up for the first time?

a) 1931 
b) 1932 
c) 1923 
d) 1913

13. ________ planning involves designing suitable courses of action in anticipation of likely changes in the relevant environment,

a) Active 
b) Reactive
c) Proactive 
d) Participative

14. The complex plan which helps to bring the organization from a given posture to a desired posture in the future is known as:

a) Strategies
b) Objectives
c) Policies
d) Mission

15. Who is considered to be the Father of Social Systems Approach? 

a) Vilfredo Pareto 
b) F.W. Taylor
c) Elton Mayo
d) Peter Drucker

16. Who propounded Two-Factor Theory of Motivation? 

a) P.F.Drucker
b) McGregor
c) Hertzberg
d) Abraham Maslow

17. Which of the following roles should a Manager play while communicating with outside world?

a) Disseminator 
b) Public Speaker
c) Spokesperson 
d) Liaison

18. Which Approach of Management suggests interaction of an Organization with its environment on a continuous basis?

a) Contingency Approach
b) Human Relations Approach
c) Systems Approach
d) Scientific management approach

19. Scientific Management was concerned essentially with improving the operational efficiency at the _______ 

a) Top management level
b) Shop floor level
c) Middle management level 
d) all of the above

20. The group of employees that meet regularly to solve problem affecting its work area is known as?

a) Queuing theory
b) Quality circle 
c) Game theory 
d) Decision tree

21. In which of the following decision making techniques is the best strategy selected after taking into consideration one's own actions and the actions of one's competitors?

a) Linear programming
b) Decision tree
c) Game theory 
d) Simulation

22. The competitive environment in which a few organizations producing essentially the same product is known as _______.

a) Pure Monopoly
b) differentiated Oligopoly
c) Pure Oligopoly
d) Monopolistic competition

23. Which of the following principles of management explain that each group of activities with the same objectives must have one head and one plan?

a) Scalar Chain 
b) Unity of Command 
c) Authority & Responsibility
d) Unity of Direction

24. On the basis of coverage of activities, planning is classified into two categories. They are _________.

a) Strategic and tactical planning
b) Formal and Informal planning 
c) Corporate and Functional planning
d) Proactive and reactive planning

25. Who has given the concept "Bounded Rationality"?

a) Herzberg
b) Sigmund Freud
c) Herbert Simon
d) Henry Mintzberg

26. Which of the following is not a Standing Plan?

a) Rule
b) Policy
c) Project
d) Procedures

27. "Promotion based on Seniority" is an example of _________

a) Rule
b) Policy
c) Programme
d) Procedures

28. Planning Activities at the top level which covers the entire organizational activites are known as:

a) Functional Planning 
b) Corporate Planning 
c) Informal Planning 
d) Tactical Planning

29. In MBO, objectives are determined __________

a) Only by subordinates
b) Only by top level officers
c) Jointly by superiors and subordinates
d) by external agencies 

30. Which of the following types of plans defines the actions of major departments and other sub-units that are necessary for successful execution of strategic plans?

a) Tactical plan
b) Single-use plan
c) Standing plan 
d) Long-term plan

31. ________ is a comprehensive managerial system that integrates many key managerial activities in a systematic manner and is consciously directed to ward the effective and efficient achievement of organizational & individual objectives. 

a) Management by objectives
b) Management by exception
c) Management by goals 
d) Organization by objectives

32. Which type of planning provides the organization with well equipped individuals who can be selected as managers for top level and middle level positions in future?

a) Replacement planning
b) Resource planning
c) Succession planning
d) Requirements planning

33. Which is the following is a best practice for ensuring employee participation in various activities at all levels of the organization?

a) Management by walking around 
b) Management by objectives
c) Management by goals 
d) Management by exceptions

34. Who suggested Departmentation by functions?

a) G.R. Terry
b) Allen
c) P.F. Drucker
d) Urwick

35. Which two organization structures are merged together to create Matrix Organization structure?

a) Pure Project Organization Structure & Functional Organization Structure 
b) Line Organization structure & Functional organization structure 
c) Line organization structure & Committee
d) Functional organization structure 

36. The obligation to carry out the task and bear the responsibility in terms of the standards established and specified is known as _______

a) Standardization
b) Authority
c) Division of work 
d) Accountability

37. Which is the oldest form of Organization structure? 

a) Functional Organization structure
b) Staff Organization structure
c) Line Organization structure
d) Matrix Organization structure

38. When an organization is having large number of projects with small duration which organization structure is suitable?

a) Project organization structure
b) Functional organization structure
c) Matrix organization structure
d) Free form organization structure

39. Which organization structure violates unity of command and scalar chain?

a) Line and Staff organization structure
b) Line organization structure 
c) Project organization structure
d) Matrix organization structure

40. Graicunas name is linked with _______.

a) Delegation of authority 
b) Span of management
c) Unity of command 
d) Unity of Direction

41. Span of Management may be wider in the case of ________.

a) Where rate of change is fast 
b) Face to face communication is there
c) Repetitive work and continuous responsibility
d) Where there is direct supervision

42. If the span of control is narrow, such organization structure is referred to as _________

a) Flat structure 
b) Matrix structure
c) Tall structure
d) Project structure 

43. The following steps are involved in the process of Organising. Arrange these steps in the correct sequence:

i) Defining authority and responsibility
ii) Linking Departments
iii) Departmentation 
iv) Prescribing authority relationship

a) ii, i, iii, iv;
b) iii, ii, i, iv;
c) iv, iii, ii, i;
d) iv, i, ii, iii

44. Which of the following is mainly aim at deciding about Authority - Responsibility relationship?

a) Organization decision-making
b) Organizational structure
c) Planning premises 
d) All of the above 

45. If the General Manager asks the sales manager to recruit some salesmen on his behalf, it is the instance of _________

a) Division of authority 
b) Delegation of authority 
c) Decentralization of authority
d) delegation of responsibility

46. In a manufacturing company, which of the following is not a staff functions?

a) Plant maintenance
b) Sales
c) Accounting
d) Quality control

47. What does a wider span of Management refer to ________

a) Flat structure 
b) No structure
c) Tall structure 
d) Average structure

48. 'Zone of indifference' is associated with understanding of _________

a) Authority
b) Responsibility 
c) Power
d) Accountability

49. Which of the following method uses a mathematical technique for balancing the service provided with the excess demand for that service?

a) Decision Tree 
b) Queuing Theory
c) Simulation
d) Game theory

50. Which method was developed by Du Pont Co. of USA?

b) CPM
c) Decision tree 
d) Queuing theory

51. Legitimate power of performing certain functions is known as ________

a) Informal Authority 
b) Formal Authority 
c) Mutual Consent
d) Knowledge Power

52. Identify the correct sequence of the steps involved in the process of control: 

i) Establishment of standards,
ii) Comparing actual performance against standards 
iii) Measurement of performance
iv) Corrective action

a) i, iii, ii, iv;
b) iv, i, iii, ii;
c) i, ii, iii, iv;
d) ii, iii, i, iv

53. The main difference between CPM and PERT is regarding __________.

a) Cost estimates 
b) Time estimates 
c) Minimization of time & cost
d) Application of principle

54. Which control technique assumes that duration of activities of a project is same? 

b) CPM
c) Queuing theory 
d) Game theory

55. The graphical method for identifying alternative actions. estimating probabilities and indicating the expected pay off is known as:

a) Queuing theory 
b) Game theory 
c) Quality circle
d) Decision tree

56. Which of the following is not the feature of Linear Programming?

a) Restrictions imposed on decision variable 
b) Allows negative function
c) Shows proportional relationship between two variable 
d) Objectives are expressed quantitatively

57. _________ is a quantitative technique used to arrive at a decision concerning the allocation of scarce or limited resources for achieving a particular objective.

a) Linear programming
b) Decision tree
c) Queuing or waiting-line method
d) Game theory

58. Which managerial function gives attention to influencing and motivating employees to improve performance and achieve corporate objectives?

a) Leading
b) Staffing
c) Organizing
d) Controlling

59. Which of the following is not an area of managerial decision making where linear programming can be used?

a) Product mix decisions
b) Scheduling production facilities
c) Inventory management problems
d) Determining break even points 

60. Which of the following decision-making techniques involves the construction of a model that represents a real or an existing system?

a) Linear programming
b) Game theory 
c) Model analysis 
d) Simulation

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